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Afrikaanse wielersport: terwijl iedereen het heeft over de recente resultaten staat de basis op het punt om om te vallen!

Toegevoegd: donderdag 13 augustus 2015 om 23:06:00
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    Afrikaanse wielersport: terwijl iedereen het heeft over de recente resultaten staat de basis op het punt om om te vallen!dit artikel is niet vertaald in het Nederlands maar kan u wellicht toch interesseren; in dat geval kunt u het hieronder in het Engels lezen of hier klikken om het in het Frans te lezen

    African cycling under threat

    MTN-Qhubeka's recent success at the Tour de France has catapulted Africa cycling into the limelight. The 'David and Goliath' exploits of African riders have showcased the continent's potential as a source of top-level athletes. In addition, their attacking style has thrilled fans and won them respect within and outside the European peloton. This is perhaps best exemplified by Eritrean rider Daniel Teklehaimanot, the outright winner of the 'Mountains Classification' at the Critérium du Dauphiné and holder of the 'mountains jersey' for the first week of the Tour de France. African cycling's success is unquestionably underpinned by the work of the World Cycling Centre Africa (WCCA), but as the world celebrates the fruits of their labours, the roots of African cycling are under threat.



    Daniel Teklehaimanot wearing the polka dot jersey at the 2015 Tour de France - © GruberImages
    Daniel Teklehaimanot wearing the polka dot jersey at the 2015 Tour de France. Picture courtesy of GruberImages

    The powerhouse of African cycling

    'Service Course' at the WCCAThe World Cycling Centre Africa (WCCA) is based in the South African town of Potchefstroom. Located just over an hour's drive from Johannesburg, it comprises a single story bungalow with dormitory bedrooms for the riders. Lacking stainless steel and mirrored glass, it is a little more modest than the World Cycling Centre in Switzerland. Despite its apparent deficiencies, the ethos of the WCCA is the same as its Swiss counterpart: provision of elite coaching and training to develop young riders. Over the past 10 years the WCCA has proved to be the powerhouse of African cycling, but now its very existence and the future of African cycling are under threat.

    Small beginnings

    It has become impossible to ignore the stream of high calibre African riders entering the European peleton but despite this, few people realise the WCCA underpins African cycling success. Formed in 2005, it is the vision and passion of former pro rider Jean-Pierre van Zyl (universally known as JP). South African born "JP" understood the challenges faced by African riders wanting to compete in top-level professional racing as in his early career, support from Cycling South Africa had been limited. Recognising the benefits of training with high calibre riders he improvised by working with the Australian and American cycling federations. From his own experience JP recognised the African continent had huge potential in cycling, but much of this went unrealized at Olympic and professional level. He also knew that to develop African cycling, stability and good leadership were needed. When JP met with former track adversary Frédéric Magné, now Director of the World Cycling Centre (WCC) in Switzerland and Head of Development at the UCI, he shared this view. Magné felt "Any development done for cycling within the world and especially in Africa is a great step to globalize cycling and it's the aim of the UCI and the WCC." The fact that Magné shared JP's vision convinced the UCI to support the WCCA.

    Spreading the knowledge

    Merhawi Kudus riding in the colours of WCCAThe WCCA started a decade ago, with funding of just 40,000 Swiss Francs. Its philosophy was simple: utilise the knowledge and success of the WCC Switzerland and bring it to Africa. JP also brought his own unique perspective. As a rider who attended Keirin school in Japan, finished 5th in Olympics, was a professional 6-day racer and road sprinter for the Belgian Deschacht Team, he had an intimate and first-hand knowledge of the problems faced by African riders. These extend way beyond the technical challenges of European racing and included the cultural and social adjustments needed to live and race abroad and integrate successfully into the pro peloton.
    The WCCA program started with riders attending Potchefstroom for a 2-month training block, twice per year and then returning home. The impact of this was immediate, resulting in South African domination of the 2005 African Championships. The following year the program was increased to provide two 3-month training blocks and by 2007 better funding allowed WCCA to provide a season long training camp. In 2007 other African nations also realised they could compete at the same level as South Africa and the increased funding allowed riders from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Namibia and Rwanda to attend the WCCA. This proved invaluable, allowing many more African nations to qualify for UCI sanctioned cycling events and compete at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
    As Director of the WCCA, economics dictated JP had to be "hands on", fulfilling the roles of coach, logistics manager and 'Director Sportif' at races. As the program grew there was a need for additional staff and for the last 3 years Andrew Smith has been 'Team Manager' and 'Coach', applying science based principles to training, nutrition, athlete testing and recovery.

    Delivering on promises

    the World Cycling Centre Africa has played a role or had a hand in the development of almost every single African cyclist in the current professional pelotonFor the last three years, 10 to 12 riders per year have passed through the WCCA program. JP stresses: "To scout talent you need a regional centre. This is important for the development of Africa Cycling. You also need a year with the riders, to see what physical and mental potential they actually have." Since its inception the WCCA has been the feeder team to the MTN-Qhubeka Pro Continental team, acting as the bridge between Africa and Europe for aspiring professional cyclists.

    Merhawi Kudus with Louis Meintjes at the 2014 Vuelta - © Ilona Kamps(photo Ilona Kamps, for more photos of the 2014 Vuelta, check out this complete gallery)

    Based on his extensive experience racing in Africa and Europe, JP is very clear about the WCCA's objectives : "Riders will learn how to behave in a professional manner and learn about equipment, nutrition and training. They will learn how to become professional riders and to be competitive at a professional level."

    There is no question that WCCA delivers, as Doug Ryder (Team Principle for MTN-Qhubeka Pro Continental team) highlights: "All of our star riders from Africa on our team have come through JP." These include sprinters, climbers, breakaway specialists and of course Grand Tour riders. First division UCI WorldTeams have also recognised the quality of WCCA 'graduates', with Tsgabu Grmay riding the Giro for Lampre-Merida and Dan Craven and Natnael Berhane riding the Vuelta with Europcar.
    JP's impact on African cycling is very far reaching, extending from direct coaching to talent identification, as Andrew Smith points out: "JP in his capacity as Director of the World Cycling Centre Africa has played a role or had a hand in the development of almost every single African cyclist in the current professional peloton. That even includes Chris Froome, where JP was instrumental in sending him to the World Cycling Centre in Switzerland."

    Dan Craven - © Thomas Vergouwen / velowire.comEuropcar professional Dan Craven stresses the impact of the WCCA goes far beyond the 10 to 12 riders who attend the WCCA each year: "Riders returning home disseminate what they have learned at WCCA so that, year on year, each new set of riders starts at a higher level. This raises the standard of racing not just for a few riders but the whole nation. This is certainly the case for South Africa, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Namibia and Rwanda." Undoubtedly there is still a performance gap between Africa and Europe, but over the past 10 years this has progressively narrowed, allowing more riders to make the transition from African racing to the top-level in Europe. Dan Craven highlights it was the WCCA high quality race program that allowed him to directly showcase his abilities against European teams, ultimately leading to a pro contract with Europcar.

    The future is uncertain

    The WCCA has always squeezed the most out its tight budget, as a visit to its garage quickly reveals. All the bikes are second hand with an assortment from Cervélo, Trek, Pinarello and Look. All are passed down from MTN-Qhubeka and the WCC in Switzerland. To repair the bikes and keep them working at minimal cost, JP has recruited the services of Potchefstroom University's engineering department and also confesses to cost cutting measures with the team's logistics. "We rarely ever fly to African races as it's cheaper to drive. We are always the last to arrive and the first to leave. This saves on accommodation costs. We always look for a place with a kitchen, that way the riders can eat the correct meals but at minimal cost." Riders also make their own race food, replacing some of the gels and bars their rivals have with rice cakes. Such methodical cost cutting measures previously allowed WCCA riders to compete in European races. These provided invaluable experience, that was essential for bridging the 'performance gap'. In reference to African riders, JP highlights: "Their endurance is better, their climbing is better, but descending is an issue. They need more exposure to wet narrow roads. And tactics: Europeans have it down to an art and we need to experience it to understand how we can beat them."

    Tsgabu Grmay - © Thomas Vergouwen / velowire.comLampre-Merida professional Tsgabu Grmay was the first Ethiopian to win a UCI race and the first WCCA rider to compete in the Tour of Italy. As a rider at a top level Italian team who has continued to break new ground, Tsgabu has a particularly interesting perspective on the importance of the WCCA.

    "It helped me a lot. I am at this level now because of the WCCA and JP van Zyl. The riders in Africa doing local races dream of going to the WCCA because they know it is the best way for them to improve and be good enough to ride in the big races. This was true for me, Merhawi Kudus, Natnael Berhane and other riders who were in WCCA. All of us who currently ride in Europe were at the WCCA, which taught us a lot and opened the door to being professional riders."
    Financial support from MTN-Qhubeka more than halved in 2014, resulting in the loss of coach Andrew Smith at the end of the season. It was only because of funding from WCC Switzerland that the WCCA has continued to operate over the past two years. The reduced budget has devastated the WCCA race program and for the first time in three years its riders will not get the chance to compete in Europe. So, just as a decade's work by the WCCA come to fruition, the very roots of African cycling's success are under threat. Not only will this impede the UCI's vision to globalise the sport, it will widen the 'performance gap' between African and European racing.
    Riders in training at WCCA
    The work being done at the WCCA is crucial for the continued growth and development of cycling not only in South Africa and Africa, but internationally as well.The President of Cycling South Africa, William Newman, has been particularly eloquent in articulating the importance of the WCCA in MTN-Qhubeka's success and to African cycling.

    "Team MTN-Qhubeka has surpassed all expectations with its great performances at the Tour de France. They have surprised all with their level of competitiveness and their great results thus far. It is very encouraging to see the former trainees of the WCCA stepping up to the highest level of world cycling and holding their own. This is where the importance of the WCCA's role in identifying and preparing riders cannot be over-emphasised. The work being done at the WCCA is crucial for the continued growth and development of cycling, not only in South-Africa and Africa, but internationally as well. Globalising the sport is a key deliverable for the UCI and the WCCA plays a crucial role here with its continued support of African riders.

    We have to ensure that the WCCA is geared up for the influx of riders sparked by Team MTN-Qhubeka's successes. The WCCA under the leadership of Olympian JP van Zyl has shown that it has a winning recipe in identifying and preparing riders with its well-structured training and racing programmes. Everything must be done to ensure that our African riders continue to get this level of support at the WCCA
    ."

    Without question the WCCA is currently under threat and while the world celebrates African success at the Tour de France, cycling in Africa now faces its biggest crisis in a decade.

    • Rob ChildElite Sport GroupRob Child, of the Elite Sport Group (ESG), is MTN-Qhubeka's nutritional biochemist and is often involved in the team's activities. As such, from time to time Rob takes some time to write an article for velowire.com to provide a look behind the scenes of the African team. If you'd like to find out anything specific about the team, please feel free to ask. If possible, you might find the answer to your questions in one of Rob's future articles.

      In the meantime, please don't hesitate to follow Elite Sport Group on Twitter, visit the Elite Sport Group's website or the official WCCA website.


      All photos in this article courtesy of WCCA except those credited to Ilona Kamps, GruberImages or Thomas Vergouwen / velowire.com.

    door Rob Child, MTN-Qhubeka's nutritional biochemist
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Reacties

Er zijn 5 reacties!
  1. I keep going through this article, trying to find the source of the claim that the centre is "under threat", but there seems never to be an explanation for why this is said to be the case. What have I missed?!

    | Nick | vrijdag 14 augustus 2015 om 11:52:39

  2. Dan Craven is not a WCCA 'graduate'. He paved his own way in Europe

    | Patricia Craven | vrijdag 14 augustus 2015 om 12:09:56

  3. Hello @Nick and @Patricia,

    I just discussed your comments with Rob Child, the author of this article and he asked me to provide the following answers to your comments:

    • Nick, Rob tried to explain in the article why he feels the WCCA is under threat. Here's his additional comment following your question:

      In 2015 WCCA funding was cut by more than 50% which has had a huge impact on the center's activities. Firstly the WCCA lost their coach Andrew Smith, which is mentioned in the article; so the riders no longer have access to the same level of technical support as they had previously. This will undoubtedly slow their rate of development and could prevent them from reaching their full potential. Secondly, for the first time in 3 years WCCA riders wont have the opportunity to race in Europe. This is a very important part of rider development and is essential for making the step from racing in Africa to successfully racing in the European peleton. In summary, top quality coaching and a high quality race program are essential to 'grass roots' cycling and the financial restrictions on the WCCA will limit the development of African riders both in terms of the number and quality of riders produced.
    • Thanks for your comment Patricia. Dan was considered a WCCA 'graduate' as he benefited from being in Potchefstroom and racing with WCCA. This was instrumental in Dan getting a pro contract in Europe, but once there Dan would certainly have had to make his own way, as other African riders do. In Dan's own words: "I raced with the WCCA team on three occasions, the 2010 Tour of Rwanda, 2011 Tropicale Amissa Bongo and the 2013 Mzansi Tour. I gained a lot out of those races and really enjoyed riding on a team with riders from Ethiopia, Zambia, Rwanda and Wouth Africa but the biggest impact came in a different way. At the 2011 Tropicale Amissa Bongo I won the KOM prize as well as came 7th on GC. It was with this performance that Jean-René Bernaudeau, the owner of Team Europcar first noticed me and started speaking to me. Without the opportunity to race such a high profile event with the WCCA I would have never been able to meet Jean-René and thus would have never had the opportunity to join his team at the pinnacle of the sport."
    I hope this clarifies some things. Please don't hesitate to ask any further questions. Rob or myself will be happy to answer them :)

    | Thomas Vergouwen | vrijdag 14 augustus 2015 om 15:41:38

  4. Your reply proves my point. Do you honestly think that the WCCA can take credit for Dan when he only raced and led a composite WCCA team as a guest rider on three occasions as this was the only way he would be able to get Africa tour points. Visiting his friend in Potch for a week or two and mentoring the WCCA trainees doesn't not make him a WCCA "graduate". He started racing in Europe in 2005 (http://www.cqranking.com/men/asp/gen/rider.asp?riderid=3702) long before any contact with the WCCA. I believe credit should be given where credit is due, even though Dan probably shares credit for the benefit of African cycling. Dan's route to cycling in Europe was due to his own hard work and no thanks to anyone in Africa.

    | Patricia Craven | zaterdag 15 augustus 2015 om 14:50:24

  5. I've heard very little of WCCA in the press and that's strange considering the powerful input it would seem to have had in pushing to the fore the likes of Froome even and the guys of MTN-Qhubeka .
    Makes you wonder what more they could achieve for World as well as African cycling with a touch more funding.

    | Charlemaigne Butt | dinsdag 18 augustus 2015 om 23:19:29

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